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[MKT+97]  Real-Time Nonphotorealistic Rendering

Markosian:1997:RTN (In proceedings)
Author(s)Markosian L., Kowalski M., Trychin S., Bourdev L., Goldstein D. and Hughes J.
Title« Real-Time Nonphotorealistic Rendering »
InProceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 97 (Los Angeles, CA, August 3--8, 1997)
SeriesComputer Graphics Proceedings, Annual Conference Series
Editor(s)Turner Whitted
Page(s)415--420
Year1997
PublisherACM Press/ACM SIGGRAPH
AddressNew York
Editor(s)Turner Whitted

Abstract
Nonphotorealistic rendering (NPR) can help make comprehensible but simple pictures of complicated objects by employing an economy of line. But current nonphotorealistic rendering is primarily a batch process. This paper presents a real-time nonphotorealistic renderer that deliberately trades accuracy and detail for speed. Our renderer uses a method for determining visible lines and surfaces which is a modification of Appel's hidden-line algorithm, with improvements which are based on the topology of singular maps of a surface into the plane. The method we describe for determining visibility has the potential to be used in any NPR system that requires a description of visible lines or surfaces in the scene. The major contribution of this paper is thus to describe a tool which can significantly improve the performance of these systems. We demonstrate the system with several nonphotorealistic rendering styles, all of which operate on complex models at interactive frame rates.

BibTeX code
@inproceedings{Markosian:1997:RTN,
  optcitations =
                  {Appel:1967:TNQ,Dooley:1990:AIL,Elber:1990:HCR,Haeberli:1990:PBN,Lansdown:1995:ERR,Leister:1994:CGC,Meier:1996:PRA,Saito:1990:CRD,Strothotte:1994:HRF,Winkenbach:1994:CGP,Winkenbach:1996:RPS},
  optnote = {ISBN 0-89791-896-7},
  optorganization = {},
  author = {Lee Markosian and Michael A. Kowalski and Samuel J. Trychin and
            Lubomir D. Bourdev and Daniel Goldstein and John F. Hughes},
  series = CGPACS,
  editor = {Turner Whitted},
  localfile = {papers/Markosian.1997.RTN.pdf},
  address = {New York},
  publisher = {ACM Press/ACM SIGGRAPH},
  optkeywords = {non-photorealistic rendering},
  doi = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/258734.258894},
  citeseer = {http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/markosian97realtime.html},
  booktitle = SIGGRAPH97,
  optstatus = {OK},
  title = {{R}eal-{T}ime {N}onphotorealistic {R}endering},
  abstract = {Nonphotorealistic rendering (NPR) can help make comprehensible but
              simple pictures of complicated objects by employing an economy of
              line. But current nonphotorealistic rendering is primarily a batch
              process. This paper presents a real-time nonphotorealistic
              renderer that deliberately trades accuracy and detail for speed.
              Our renderer uses a method for determining visible lines and
              surfaces which is a modification of Appel's hidden-line algorithm,
              with improvements which are based on the topology of singular maps
              of a surface into the plane. The method we describe for
              determining visibility has the potential to be used in any NPR
              system that requires a description of visible lines or surfaces in
              the scene. The major contribution of this paper is thus to
              describe a tool which can significantly improve the performance of
              these systems. We demonstrate the system with several
              nonphotorealistic rendering styles, all of which operate on
              complex models at interactive frame rates.},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {415--420},
}

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